DRINKING WATER

Reduce Electricity Costs By Putting More Energy Into Data Analysis
Reduce Electricity Costs By Putting More Energy Into Data Analysis

With electricity consumption being a primary operating cost in water treatment and wastewater treatment, steps taken to optimize energy use are critical. Saving energy is more than just an on/off decision. Monitoring and managing energy use — from analyzing pump curves, to reducing non-revenue-water leaks, to scheduling operations around premium-rate windows — is essential. Fortunately, the payback potential can be impressive.

DRINKING WATER CASE STUDIES AND WHITE PAPERS

  • Automated Wireless Monitoring Of  Wastewater Collection Systems
    Automated Wireless Monitoring Of Wastewater Collection Systems

    Trimble Telog offers a comprehensive remote monitoring system, Telogers, for wastewater collection system operators. Telogers provides an automated system of collecting, archiving, analyzing, presenting, reporting and sharing data from collection system remote assets such as flow meters, rain gauges, CSO/SSO surcharge sensors, lift stations, pretreatment water quality, air quality, and pressure sensors.

  • Drinking Water Disinfection - Coquitlam Water Treatment Plant, British Columbia (Case Study)
    Drinking Water Disinfection - Coquitlam Water Treatment Plant, British Columbia (Case Study)

    In 2005, in response to changes to the Canadian Drinking Water Quality guidelines, the Greater Vancouver Water District Board approved a proposal to upgrade the Coquitlam WTP with UV disinfection technology to act as the primary means of disinfection.

  • Multi-Barrier Disinfection Strategy - New York City (Case Study)
    Multi-Barrier Disinfection Strategy - New York City (Case Study)

    New York City is home to more than 8 million people, making it the most populous city in the United States. The majority of New York's drinking water is supplied by the Catskill/Delaware watershed, located approximately 100 miles outside the city. Historically, NYC has not filtered the water from this system, nor did they require any additional barriers to microbial contaminants due to the pristine nature of the watershed.

  • Turbiwell Comparision Report Before And After Upgrade
    Turbiwell Comparision Report Before And After Upgrade

    Russellville water treatment plant is a surface water plant using traditional clarification, filtration, and treatment. The plant historically has used traditional contact turbidimeters that employ tungsten lamps that required quarterly maintenance, but replaced their turbidimeters with Swan Turbiwell turbidimeters in 2012. Read the full report for a comparison of the performance of the Swan Turbiwell to the previously installed turbidimeters.

  • Flow Meter Advisory: Follow The Money

    While the majority of household consumers believe that they deserve the full attention of a water system, from a revenue perspective this does not bear out. Though the average home faucet is undoubtedly valued by its drinking water provider, the reality is that the vast majority of drinking water revenue comes from heavy-use commercial and industrial operations.

  • Rinse, Repeat: The Rise Of Water Reuse

    I may not be “old school” in the water/wastewater industry, but I have been around long enough to see a number of ideas graduate from sideshow to center stage. In wastewater, the topic in the spotlight at the moment is water reuse — and its role won’t soon diminish. Depending on your part of the world, it will sooner or later be the norm — but the smart ones are planning ahead.

  • Case Study: Steel Processor Wastewater Recycle

    The reuse of industrial wastewater is becoming increasingly common because of water shortages, environmental necessities, economic incentives, government mandates, and societal desires. By David Christophersen, Technical Support Manager, Veolia Water Technologies

  • What You Need To Know About Mixed Oxidant Solution
    What You Need To Know About Mixed Oxidant Solution

    The main component of mixed oxidant solution (MOS) is chlorine and its derivatives hypochlorite and hypochlorous acid (ClO−, HClO). It also contains trace amounts of other chlor-oxygen species which work synergistically with the hypochlorite/hypochlorous acid to improve efficacy and performance. MOS is made from brine (salt) and energy, and is used for disinfecting, sanitizing and reducing the risk of infection due to pathogenic microorganisms in water and in other applications. It is particularly useful for customers who have specific challenges such as controlling biofilm or reducing disinfection byproducts exacerbated by biofilms.

  • Reconditioned And Rehabbed Filters Succeed At Large Treatment Plant
    Reconditioned And Rehabbed Filters Succeed At Large Treatment Plant

    A large treatment plant includes several treatment processes that contribute to providing quality recycled water pursuant to the state of California Title 22 regulations. Major treatment processes include raw wastewater pumping, preliminary treatment, primary treatment, secondary treatment, tertiary treatment with Parkson DynaSand® filters, and disinfection.

  • Revolutionizing Asset Management In The Water/Wastewater Industry
    Revolutionizing Asset Management In The Water/Wastewater Industry

    The industrial world is awash with data and new information from sensors, applications, equipment, and people. But the data is worthless if it is left untouched or not used to its full potential to gain insights and make better decisions.

More Drinking Water Case Studies and White Papers

DRINKING WATER APPLICATION NOTES

  • Thermal Flow Meters For Mixed Gas Applications

    Fox Thermal Flow Meters use a constant temperature differential (constant Δ T) technology to measure mass flow rate of air and gases.

  • Activated Carbon For PFAS Treatment: Why Base Material Matters

    Granular activated carbon (GAC) is an effective and proven technology for the removal of PFAS and many other harmful organic compounds. But, not all products are the same and using the right GAC can make the difference between success and failure.

  • Remote Monitoring And Maintenance Through Digitalization

    Siemens offers to our customers the ability to both make process measurements and to remotely monitor the activity and health of that instrumentation without the need for SCADA systems or other expensive process control room products. By utilizing Siemens’ ability to offer unparalleled flow, level, pressure, temperature, and weight measurement as well as valve control, we can provide a broad range of process measurements and offer unequaled monitoring of the health and performance of those products.

  • Application Note: Using Real-Time Telemetry For Ecological Monitoring Of Coastal Wetlands The Grand Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve (NERR)in Mississippi is one of 27 protected estuarine reserves across the United States. By YSI
  • ABB Aztec 600 Manganese Analyzer Optimizing Manganese Removal Efficiency

    The task of managing the quantity and quality of potable water is unimaginable without online instrumentation to help water utilities to measure, treat and deliver drinking water to consumers. ABB’s Aztec 600 colorimetric and ion-selective electrode (ISE) analyzers have been designed to measure the key parameters that affect water quality – aluminium, iron, manganese, phosphate, color, ammonia and fluoride.

  • Hydrant Pressure Monitoring Application Note

    The simplicity of the compact, battery-powered Telog HPR-31 enables you to put it to work within minutes of unpacking. Once installed, the Telog HPR-31 measures water pressure at user programmable rates up to four samples per second with its internal pressure transducer. You can determine how often such data is summarized for reporting. The recorder computes any combination of minimum, average and maximum pressure measurement at each interval according to your selection of statistics and recording intervals. Recorded data may be gathered via an RS-232 connector using a handheld device or a laptop.

  • Solution For Algae Blooms

    Harmsco® Filtration Products is pleased to offer a solution to the ever increasing blue-algae blooms in water sources. A multi-barrier approach is necessary to physically remove intact (algae and cyanobacteria) before they rupture in the treatment process and then remove extracellular cyanobacteria through adsorption.

  • Secret To Disinfection Monitoring For High Chlorine Residual Wastewater Applications

    Some wastewater applications require chlorine residuals greater than can be effectively monitored using DPD due to the oxidation of the Wurster dye to a colorless Imine. Such applications include industrial wastewater processes that inherently have a high chlorine demand thereby requiring a more robust monitoring method.

  • Organics Aren’t Invisible: A Guide for Simple Online Monitoring

    Control of dissolved organics has been one of the highest priority concerns for most water treatment plants for over 20 years. Organics monitoring is an even more critical issue today in the face of more stringent regulations and concerns around trace organics, emerging contaminants, and even counter-terrorism or water security. Despite the critical need, many plants still rely primarily on turbidity for monitoring and process control.

  • Determination Of Pesticide Residue In Vegetables

    QuEChERS is a Quick-Easy-Cheap-Effective-Rugged-Safe extraction method that has been developed for the determination of pesticide residues in agricultural commodities.

More Drinking Water Application Notes

DRINKING WATER PRODUCTS

Signet 2750 & 2760 pH/ORP Sensor Electronics Signet 2750 & 2760 pH/ORP Sensor Electronics

The Signet 2750 and 2760 pH/ORP Sensor Electronics and Preamplifiers, featuring connectors, provide a variety of functions to suit various requirements

SANILEC® 6 Portable Sodium Hypochlorite Generator SANILEC® 6 Portable Sodium Hypochlorite Generator

De Nora Water Technologies’ SANILEC® 6 system generates sodium hypochlorite wherever and whenever disinfection is required. These lightweight, extremely portable systems are designed for use in rural or isolated locations where water purification, waste treatment or surface disinfection is required. SANILEC 6 systems are ideal for use in areas where chemical storage creates a risk or in areas where other disinfectant chemicals are in short supply.

RTP Field Assembly RTP Field Assembly

Plas-Tanks Industries’ capabilities include shop-built, shop-built and field assembled, and field fabricated FRP vessels.

Vacuum Pressure Switches Vacuum Pressure Switches

Pressure sensors and vacuum switches for controlling all pressure values: programmable and as a modular product.

Capital Controls® Series 17T2000 Amperometric Titrator Capital Controls® Series 17T2000 Amperometric Titrator

The Series 17T2000 Amperometric Titrator is an analytical instrument for the electrical determination of the end point of a titration for free, combined, or total chlorine residual. It can also be used to determine bromine, iodine, ozone, permanganate, and chlorine dioxide residuals.

JCM 415 Tapping Sleeve for Concrete Steel Cylinder Pipe JCM 415 Tapping Sleeve for Concrete Steel Cylinder Pipe

These fabricated tapping sleeves are designed to reinforce the pipe and provide easy installation with maximum safety factor.

More Products

LATEST INSIGHTS ON DRINKING WATER

  • The Drive Towards Digital Transformation
    The Drive Towards Digital Transformation

    It seems that everywhere that you go in the water industry at the current time, somebody is talking about digital transformation…or if we go back five minutes, it was Water 4.0…and 10 minutes ago (it seems), it was “smart water.” These are all very well used buzzwords that the industry is destined to think about for a short-term and then promptly forget about. In reality, though, we as an industry have been hit by a number of different concepts for a number of different technological aspects for a good number of years now. For almost as long we have had a term for all of this — “widgets.”

  • The Iron Bowl And America’s Water Pipe
    The Iron Bowl And America’s Water Pipe

    Saturday will be the 84th playing of the Auburn vs. Alabama football game. The first was played in 1893, and following a tie in 1907, the game was not played again until 1948 after a mandate to resume by the state legislature. It’s as well-known as any college football rivalry, and many fans of other teams will acknowledge it as the nation’s most intense.

  • EPA Continues To Update Its Environmental Sampling And Analytical Methods (ESAM) Program
    EPA Continues To Update Its Environmental Sampling And Analytical Methods (ESAM) Program

    EPA’s Homeland Security Research Program (HSRP) aims to increase the United States’ capabilities to prepare for and respond to environmental disasters involving chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear substances (CBRN). As part of this effort, EPA researchers develop scientific data, methods, and tools that can be used by various stakeholders, including laboratories and on-scene coordinators, to increase the effectiveness of response.

  • Pros And Cons Of Different Types Of Ultrafiltration Technology Configurations
    Pros And Cons Of Different Types Of Ultrafiltration Technology Configurations

    Ultrafiltration systems can be engineered and designed in several possible combinations based on the application and source water quality. There are different membrane materials, membrane shapes, flow types, and configurations.

  • Hypochlorite Bleaches Market Continues To Thrive On The Expanding Water Treatment Sector
    Hypochlorite Bleaches Market Continues To Thrive On The Expanding Water Treatment Sector

    An inherent vertical of the global specialty chemicals space, hypochlorite bleaches market has been observing remarkable popularity of late. With rising incidences of infectious illnesses on a global scale, the demand for disinfectants, bleaching, and sanitization products is likely to accelerate. Hypochlorite bleaches are popular disinfection products with the ability to terminate a vast array of disease-causing bacteria, fungi, viruses, and fungi, provided they are used with adequate precautionary measures and adhere to specific usage guidelines.

  • Ultrafiltration vs. Microfiltration
    Ultrafiltration vs. Microfiltration

    Which process should you choose for your application?

More Drinking Water Features

DRINKING WATER VIDEOS

EPA Administrator Speaks At 40th Anniversary Of Safe Drinking Water Act

EPA Administrator Gina McCarthy speaks at the 40th Anniversary of the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) on December 9, 2014 at the National Press Club in Washington, D.C.

Low Flow Sampling Using A TROLL® 9500 Water Quality Instrument

The TROLL® 9500 Water Quality Instrument simplifies multiparameter monitoring. The TROLL 9500 is a powerful, portable unit that houses up to nine water quality sensors, internal power, and optional data logging capabilities.

Webinar: Optimize Mixed Bed & EDI Systems With Integrated Membrane System Designs Webinar: Optimize Mixed Bed & EDI Systems With Integrated Membrane System Designs

Discover how integrated membrane system designs can maximize the operating stability of EDI systems and reduce mixed bed regeneration frequency.

We Are All Vulnerable To The Effects Of Water Pollution

Dr. Jamie Dewitt explains her research in Phamacology and Toxicology and why water pollution might pose a problem no matter where you are.

Science Safeguards Drinking Water From Harmful Algal Blooms

Toxins from harmful algal blooms are increasingly contaminating source waters, as well as the drinking water treatment facilities that source waters supply. EPA researchers are helping the treatment facilities find safe, cost effective ways to remove the toxins and keep your drinking water safe.

More Drinking Water Videos

ABOUT DRINKING WATER

In most developed countries, drinking water is regulated to ensure that it meets drinking water quality standards. In the U.S., the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) administers these standards under the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA)

Drinking water considerations can be divided into three core areas of concern:

  1. Source water for a community’s drinking water supply
  2. Drinking water treatment of source water
  3. Distribution of treated drinking water to consumers

Drinking Water Sources

Source water access is imperative to human survival. Sources may include groundwater from aquifers, surface water from rivers and streams and seawater through a desalination process. Direct or indirect water reuse is also growing in popularity in communities with limited access to sources of traditional surface or groundwater. 

Source water scarcity is a growing concern as populations grow and move to warmer, less aqueous climates; climatic changes take place and industrial and agricultural processes compete with the public’s need for water. The scarcity of water supply and water conservation are major focuses of the American Water Works Association.

Drinking Water Treatment

Drinking Water Treatment involves the removal of pathogens and other contaminants from source water in order to make it safe for humans to consume. Treatment of public drinking water is mandated by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in the U.S. Common examples of contaminants that need to be treated and removed from water before it is considered potable are microorganisms, disinfectants, disinfection byproducts, inorganic chemicals, organic chemicals and radionuclides.

There are a variety of technologies and processes that can be used for contaminant removal and the removal of pathogens to decontaminate or treat water in a drinking water treatment plant before the clean water is pumped into the water distribution system for consumption.

The first stage in treating drinking water is often called pretreatment and involves screens to remove large debris and objects from the water supply. Aeration can also be used in the pretreatment phase. By mixing air and water, unwanted gases and minerals are removed and the water improves in color, taste and odor.

The second stage in the drinking water treatment process involves coagulation and flocculation. A coagulating agent is added to the water which causes suspended particles to stick together into clumps of material called floc. In sedimentation basins, the heavier floc separates from the water supply and sinks to form sludge, allowing the less turbid water to continue through the process.

During the filtration stage, smaller particles not removed by flocculation are removed from the treated water by running the water through a series of filters. Filter media can include sand, granulated carbon or manufactured membranes. Filtration using reverse osmosis membranes is a critical component of removing salt particles where desalination is being used to treat brackish water or seawater into drinking water.

Following filtration, the water is disinfected to kill or disable any microbes or viruses that could make the consumer sick. The most traditional disinfection method for treating drinking water uses chlorine or chloramines. However, new drinking water disinfection methods are constantly coming to market. Two disinfection methods that have been gaining traction use ozone and ultra-violet (UV) light to disinfect the water supply.

Drinking Water Distribution

Drinking water distribution involves the management of flow of the treated water to the consumer. By some estimates, up to 30% of treated water fails to reach the consumer. This water, often called non-revenue water, escapes from the distribution system through leaks in pipelines and joints, and in extreme cases through water main breaks.

A public water authority manages drinking water distribution through a network of pipes, pumps and valves and monitors that flow using flow, level and pressure measurement sensors and equipment.

Water meters and metering systems such as automatic meter reading (AMR) and advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) allows a water utility to assess a consumer’s water use and charge them for the correct amount of water they have consumed.