CASE STUDIES AND WHITE PAPERS

City Of Austin, Texas Installs A Total of 4,500 Pounds‐Per‐Day Of On‐ Site Hypochlorite Capacity Using the Microclor® OSHG System
City Of Austin, Texas Installs A Total of 4,500 Pounds‐Per‐Day Of On‐ Site Hypochlorite Capacity Using the Microclor® OSHG System

With 100 years of service history, Austin Water has seen enormous change in its 540 square miles of service area. Planning for the next 100 years has city and utility planners considering a diversity of sources, system resilience, and sustainability while being mindful of conservation goals. In the city’s newest water treatment plant, WTP4, Austin Water was able to combine those planning elements into a state‐of‐the‐art treatment plant. The plant, which is located on Lake Travis, is capable of treating 50 million gallons a day (MGD) with the ability to expand to 300 MGD.

A Pilot Study Involving Three Different Treatment Media
A Pilot Study Involving Three Different Treatment Media

As part of a feasibility study for arsenic treatment at an elementary school in California, a pilot study was conducted to test the performance of three different treatment media: (1) greensand and anthracite, (2) standard sand and anthracite, and (3) manganese dioxide.

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CONTAMINANT REMOVAL PRODUCTS

Ultra-High Recovery Reverse Osmosis Ultra-High Recovery Reverse Osmosis

AdEdge-ROTEC’s Flow Reversal technology is designed to be implemented in new and existing reverse osmosis desalination facilities for water purification, brackish water, process water, and other industrial applications. This high recovery technology addresses concerns often associated with desalination and enables significant system performance improvements, leading to higher profitability, reduced operating costs, and a lower environmental impact.

Liquid Analytical Measurement Liquid Analytical Measurement

Environmental protection, consistent product quality, process optimization and safety –​ just a few reasons why liquid analysis is becoming increasingly essential. Liquids such as water, beverages, dairy products, chemicals and pharmaceuticals have to be analyzed day in and day out. We support you in fulfilling all these measuring tasks with application know-how and cutting-edge technologies. Discover our comprehensive portfolio and choose the product best suited to your process needs.

UV Package Plant UV Package Plant

Calgon Carbon UV Technologies is pleased to introduce the C3500D/PS Packaged System for UV Wastewater Disinfection. This product uniquely addresses the needs of smaller communities with effluent flows of less than 2.6 million gallons a day.

Carbon Systems Carbon Systems

Loprest designs and manufactures granular activated carbon (GAC) treatment systems for taste and odor applications, chlorine removal, PFC’s, 1 2 3 TCP, PCE/TCE, 1 4 dioxane, and many other contaminants. Loprest has a long, successful history in the selection and application of the proper carbon media for the application.

Field Pilot Studies Field Pilot Studies

Pilot tests conducted at numerous facilities demonstrate that Loprest treatment processes successfully reduce iron, manganese, arsenic, nitrate, and many other select contaminants in drinking water to well below the Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL). Loprest can provide self-contained portable, free-standing pilot units or mobile, trailer-mounted units, depending on specific testing needs at each site. Services include unit delivery, setup, and operation. Upon completion of the pilot study, Loprest will prepare a Pilot Study Report and a detailed cost proposal for a full-scale system.

Next Gen Capital Controls® Chlorinators Next Gen Capital Controls® Chlorinators

The unique compact design incorporates the best existing Capital Controls® technology with exciting new features. With just three models ranging from 10-10,000 lbs/day capacity, each chlorinator is available with automatic or manual feed and a 10” flowmeter for an easier read. Sonic operation on the 4100 model eliminates the need for a differential pressure regulator. On all automatic models, an additional controller isn’t needed, reducing components – and costs. 

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DRINKING WATER CONTAMINANT REMOVAL PODCASTS

Coconut Shell Activated Carbon For Removing PFOA And PFOS Coconut Shell Activated Carbon For Removing PFOA And PFOS

Coconut shell activated carbon is typically used for filtration in cleaner waters. Its alternatives are coal-based or wood-based carbon. With the recently published EPA guidelines on perfluorinated compounds, Water Online Radio sat down with Neal Megonnell, Senior Vice President for Haycarb USA, to understand coconut shell activated carbon’s application in fighting PFOA and PFOS.

UV-LED Technology: The Latest In Disinfection UV-LED Technology: The Latest In Disinfection

Dan Shaver, Business Development Manager at Aquionics, talks about the advantages of UV-LED technology for disinfection: low energy requirements, chemical-free and customizable design, and proficiency in solar or battery-powered applications.

A Better Approach To Removing Iron And Other Contaminants A Better Approach To Removing Iron And Other Contaminants

Most groundwater sources are plagued with iron, manganese, and other contaminants that require removal as part of drinking water treatment. However, older techniques for addressing this have proven to be labor-intensive and time-consuming. In this Water Talk interview, Frank Caligiuri, vice president of sales for Hungerford and Terry Inc., discusses the more current and much simpler treatment methods for potable water that have been successful on an international scale.

The Value Of Wastewater: Closed Vessel UV Disinfection For Water Reuse The Value Of Wastewater: Closed Vessel UV Disinfection For Water Reuse

Jon McClean, President of Engineered Treatment Systems (ETS), explains how UV disinfection of wastewater provides an effective and sustainable solution to growing water shortages.

Fighting India’s Arsenic Problem Fighting India’s Arsenic Problem

When Vinny Gupta, the president and CEO of InNow LLC, met Rich Cavagnaro, the CEO of AdEdge Water Technologies, he saw an opportunity to help 40 million people get clean water.

Microbial Contamination Monitoring For Water Distribution Systems Microbial Contamination Monitoring For Water Distribution Systems

Back in 2014, Louisiana’s Department of Health and Hospitals wrote an executive order for municipalities to boost their chlorine residuals as high as possible to burn off all biofilm and stop the outbreak of brain-eating amoeba (Naegleria fowleri) that had been detected as the cause of death in a number of individuals.

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CONTAMINANT REMOVAL VIDEOS

5500sc Ammonia Monochloramine Analyzer 5500sc Ammonia Monochloramine Analyzer

The Hach 5500sc Ammonia Monochloramine Analyzer provides all the information you need to eliminate nitrification events and taste and odor issues, giving you total confidence in your process. The analyzer offers an easy to operate, low-maintenance solution with a pressurized reagent delivery system.

EFFIZON®evo Ozone Technology EFFIZON®evo Ozone Technology

Ozone oxidation is one of the most effective and environmentally friendly methods used in water treatment, paper and pulp bleaching and many other applications. The main equipment in this system is the ozone generator, which produces the ozone gas on-site from oxygen and power.

MS-6 Chemical Feed Sensor MS-6 Chemical Feed Sensor

 

Customers want to know that our chemical pumps are actually pumping chemical. This is going to ensure that the chemical is getting into these critical drinking water systems very, very quickly. We listened to our customers, they told us all the problems that they had, and we designed the new MS-6 to meet all those challenges.

 

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ABOUT

The removal of contaminants from public drinking water systems in the US is mandated by the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) National Primary Drinking Water Regulations. These are legally enforceable standards that protect public health by limiting the levels of contaminants in drinking water. Similar regulations are managed by agencies worldwide to protect their citizens from drinking water contamination.

There are a plethora of drinking water contaminant removal technologies that public and private water systems use to comply with the EPA’s drinking water regulations. These include reverse osmosis, membrane, nanofiltration, ultrafiltration, chlorine disinfection, UV disinfection and Ozone-based disinfection practices.

The EPA’s list of drinking water contaminants is organized into six types of contaminants and lists each contaminant along with its Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL), some of the potential health effects from long-term exposure above the MCL and the probable source of the drinking water contaminant.

The six types of contaminants are microorganisms, disinfectants, disinfection byproducts, inorganic chemicals, organic chemicals and radionuclides.

Examples of microbiological, organic contaminants are Cryptosporidium and Giardia lamblia. Both of these microorganic pathogens are found in human or animal fecal waste and cause gastrointestinal illness, such as diarrhea and vomiting.

A common disinfectant used in municipal drinking water treatment to disinfect microorganisms is chlorine. The EPA’s primary drinking water regulations require drinking water treatment plants to maintain a maximum disinfectant residual level (MDRL) for chlorine of 4.0 milligrams per liter (mg/L). Some of the detrimental health effects of chlorine above the MCL are eye irritation and stomach discomfort.

Similarly, byproducts from the chlorine-based disinfection methods used by public water systems to remove contaminants can be contaminants in their own right if not removed from the drinking water prior to it being released into the distribution system. Examples of disinfection byproducts include bromate, chlorite and total trihalomethanes (TTHMs). Not removed from drinking water, these disinfection byproducts can increase risk of cancer and cause central nervous system issues.

Chemical contamination of drinking water can be caused by inorganic chemicals such as arsenic, barium lead, mercury and cadmium or organic chemicals such as benzene, dichloroethane and other carbon-derived compounds. These chemicals get into source water through a variety of natural and industrial processes. Arsenic for example is present in source water through the erosion of natural deposits.  Many of the chemical contaminants are derived from industrial wastewater such as discharges from petroleum refineries, steel or pulp mills or the corrosion of asbestos cement water mains or galvanized pipes.

Radium and uranium are examples of radionuclides. Radium 226 and Radium 228 must be removed to a level of 5 picocuries/liter (PCI/L) and Uranium to a level of 30 micrograms/liter (30 ug/L).